Culture & Travel

10 January 2022

Home to three great empires, enchanting with its deep-rooted history and beauties, Istanbul is undoubtedly one of the unique cities of the world. The city, which carries the traces of different cultures and values for centuries, with its city history dating back 3,000 years, is home to dozens of magnificent structures from the Ottoman Period. We have compiled historical buildings from the Ottoman Period that you must see. Here are the historical buildings that have survived from the Ottoman period.

1

Sultanahmet Mosque (Blue Mosque)

Blue Mosque, one of the most magnificent structures from the Ottoman Period, was built by Sultan Ahmed I between 1609 and 1617. Decorated with blue, green, and white-colored Iznik tiles, the mosque, in which Sedefkar Mehmet Ağa, a student of Sinan the Architect, took charge, is known as the “Blue Mosque” in the world due to the blue-dominated embroideries on its domes. Sultan Ahmet Mosque, which was the largest and the first six minaret mosque in the Ottoman lands at the time it was built, consists of five main domes, six minarets, and eight secondary domes. The building, which contains more than 20 thousand handmade Iznik tiles, is shown as the pinnacle of Ottoman architecture.

2

Dolmabahçe Palace

Dolmabahçe Palace, one of the most striking structures of the Bosporus, was built in 1839 by Sultan Abdulmejid I. The palace fascinates with its beautiful decorations, unique paintings, and wonderful works. The palace, which was also used by Atatürk, the founders of the Turkish Republic, between 1927-1938, is flooded with visitors every year on the anniversary of his death, as it also includes the bed where he died on November 10, 1938. It is among the most magnificent structures of the Ottoman Period with its magnificent Bosporus view and eye-catching architectural structure.

3

Beylerbeyi Palace

Located in the Beylerbeyi district of Üsküdar, Beylerbeyi Palace, designed by the Balyan Family in 1861-1865, is in a wonderful location on the Bosporus. The palace, which has an impressive structure with decorations such as wood carving and gold embroidery, is undoubtedly one of the most spectacular buildings in Istanbul and one of the vital places to witness the glorious years of the Ottoman Period.

4

Rumeli Fortress

Rumeli Fortress, which was built in 1452 by order of Mehmet the Conqueror to prevent attacks from the north of the Bosporus before the conquest of Istanbul, is one of the most remarkable structures of Istanbul from the Ottoman Period. Just opposite it, on the Anatolian side, is its brother Anatolian Fortress. Rumeli Fortress, one of the most important stages of the process leading to the Conquest of Istanbul, is intact until today and is sometimes used as a museum and open-air theater. While visiting the fortress, don’t forget to have your coffee in a beautiful place in Rumeli Fortress with its unique Bosporus view.

5

Suleymaniye Mosque

Suleymaniye Mosque, one of the brilliant examples of Ottoman architecture, was built by the renowned Ottoman chief architect Sinan the Architect in 1557 in the name of Suleiman the Magnificent. Suleymaniye Mosque, which Sinan called “my masterpiece,” has an enchanting beauty both from the outside and from the inside. The mosque, which consists of madrasahs, a library, a hospital, a Turkish bath, and a soup kitchen, impresses with its tiles and diamond decorations.