Culture & Travel

31 October 2023

Perched high up in the clouds, nestled amidst emerald-green landscapes of rolling hills and rugged terrain, lies a land rich with tales of a storied past. This place has gained worldwide recognition for its exquisite coffee, bananas, avocados, and citrus fruits, nurtured by the moist air of its elevated altitude and traded across the globe. Yes, you've guessed it - we're in Peru. While the mention of Peru immediately conjures up images of the iconic Machu Picchu, there's so much more to share about this enigmatic place, shrouded in an unsolvable mystery. Undoubtedly, Peru is a destination that demands exploration, with its diverse offerings, exceptional natural beauty, and historical significance. Let's delve into the wonders of Peru through the pages of this article. Happy reading!

Peru-machu picchu

Legacy of the Andes Mountains

Dating back to 4000 BC, the resilient inhabitants of the Andes Mountains settled in this region, establishing an agrarian society. While numerous civilizations thrived within these mountains, the Inca Empire, founded in the 1200s, stands as their most prominent legacy. Cusco, situated in the heart of present-day Peru, served as the empire's capital, showcasing an order that propelled them into power across this uncharted continent, until 1532. 

Peru-cusco

It was then that foreign invaders, representing the 'new world' they had stumbled upon, brought down this empire with a lethal combination of warfare, disease, and the havoc wreaked by smallpox upon the Andean population. Led by Francisco Pizzaro, the Spanish conquistador, this formidable force of only 180 soldiers, some mounted on horseback, and others equipped with iron armor and firearms, conquered the tens of thousands of Incas who stood against them. The Incas, however, had not yet entered the Iron Age and had no access to horses within their terrain. Isolated for centuries, their bodies were defenseless against the foreign epidemics. The power of 180 Spanish Knights triumphed over the thousands of Incas, leading to the demise of millions, unwitting victims of diseases brought by these newcomers, perceived by the Incas as messengers of God. Machu Picchu, one of history's grandest extinctions, also succumbed to this epidemic. Situated atop the mountains, crafted with flawless engineering techniques, Machu Picchu remained hidden from Spanish marauders for centuries, owing to its secluded location. The enigma surrounding its construction, resilience, and impeccable structure continues to baffle scientists to this day.

Peru-çöl

The Enchanting Peruvian Adventure

Peru, with its mystical history and unparalleled natural beauty, is truly a dream destination for adventurous souls looking to venture out with just a backpack. Yet, like anywhere else, there are a few things to keep in mind before embarking on a journey to Peru. Similar to many other countries, the level of English proficiency is not particularly high in Peru. Especially when utilizing public transportation, you might find yourself needing some Spanish to communicate, even for simple inquiries with local vendors. Additionally, as taxis here don't use meters, bargaining with the drivers from the outset is necessary.

Peru-Lima

The weather varies significantly across the country. The Atacama Desert in the southern regions is dry and arid, while the capital, Lima, boasts a tropical and rainy climate. Therefore, it's advisable to pack a variety of clothing for the trip. While concerns about theft during travel in South American countries are prevalent, Peru tends to instill a bit more confidence in tourists compared to its counterparts. Though incidents of theft aren't nonexistent, the rate remains relatively lower than in other South American nations. There are a few cities that tourists could skip without missing out much, and in contrast, cities like Cusco and Tacna are considered safer, gaining the trust of visitors.

Moreover, it's essential to always carry Peruvian Sol, the local currency, as this is crucial in many regions. Having cash in the local currency can prove to be a lifesaver, especially in countries across Africa, South America, and Asia.

Peru kadınlar

Pulse of the Urban Life

This vibrant land offers an array of activities to engage in. Whether you fancy a safari adventure in the Atacama Desert, endless strolls through the rainforests, or unwinding with an active nightlife, there's something for everyone here. A haven for food enthusiasts, Peru boasts a diverse range of fruits and vegetables, making it a must-visit destination. Its cuisine is arguably one of the most delectable and well-recognized in South America.

In the markets of Cusco, you'll find an assortment of fruits and vegetables, some of which you may never have laid eyes on or known before. For trekking aficionados, Cusco, Arequipa, and Huaraz offer more than promised. The Santa Cruz Route, weaving together the distinctive and elevated landscapes of these three cities, stands out as the most sought-after activity in Peru. You can almost touch the same mountains that pierce the clouds, reminiscent of the Paramount Pictures logo that we've all come across. And if you crave the sea, Peru's coastline is readily accessible. While it may not rival the likes of Alaçatı, windsurfing along the Peruvian coast is undeniably enjoyable.

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